Snoring and Apnea
Sleep disorders, is proving to be not such a fun. Since the “noise accompanying” night snoring is nothing more than ve sleep disorder, is proving to be not such a fun. Since the “noise accompanying” night snoring is nothing more than a ve “Can you tell us about the nature of snoring? Why do people snore? How to deal with snoring?”
If your wife at night moved to another room, you snore moderately. However, if you suddenly go from neighbors – a serious matter …
“Snoring – a dangerous phenomenon. This joke, distributed among the experts on ENT diseases and disorders of sleep, is proving to be not such a fun. Since the” noise accompanying “night snoring is nothing more than the tip of the iceberg. Term” water “is hiding number of dangerous pathological processes, in comparison with which the disturbed sleep neighbor seems sheer trifle. ”
And the prevalence of the unpleasant phenomena do talk about it very, very important. As the statistics and the age of 35 years regularly snore during sleep one in five men and one in ten women. According to the research center at the University of Toronto (Canada), the probability of “acquired snoring” increases with age after 60 years of snoring, four of the six men and one in two women.
What is snoring and how is it dangerous?
As it may seem strange (especially the men, who are forced every night to hide your head under the pillow because of the “concert” the “second half”), the mechanism of action is similar to snoring wind instruments. This is the “tool” on the back of the trachea. Respiratory tract tissue in this area relaxes during sleep, and when sleep does breath starts to vibrate and “sound.”
Doctors believe that one of the most serious problems associated with snoring – so-called sleep apnea (stopping breathing).
Sleep apnea can be obstruktivnymn (related to the closure of the upper respiratory tract), central (in the oppression of the respiratory center in the central nervous system), or mixed. The most common cause is obstruction (blockage) of the airways. More rarely sleep apnea is associated with a primary lesion of the medulla oblongata in neurological diseases such as polio, posterior fossa tumor or insufficient stem respiratory center. In these patients, the respiratory movements are insufficient or non-existent, except during full wakefulness. Mixed apnea begins as obstructive, but then, as quickly restored the respiratory movements of the chest and abdomen, revealed obstruction of the upper airway. Mixed apnea are more common than central, but less obstructive.
Obstructive sleep apnea (Pickwickian syndrome) most often occur in people with moderate or severe obesity when they sleep on their backs. Men are affected more often than women, obesity, possibly together with the constitutional defect, promotes narrowing of the upper airway obstruction of the epiglottis and respiratory failure. Often, a combination of lack of oxygen in the blood and excess carbon dioxide may lead to the emergence of central apnea. Repetitive nocturnal episodes of obstruction may continue to cause respiratory failure with the formation of unique repetitive cycles: during the night or daytime sleep attacks will occur obstructive asthma, interrupted awakening with a bout of hyperpnea (excessive breathing, increased ventilation) and then falling asleep. Outwardly, it looks like the sudden cessation of snoring, which can be a real boon to the husband (wife) or neighbor.
Similar, though less pronounced disorders are possible in the absence of obesity – in congenital anomalies of the upper respiratory tract or their changes due to aging. As complications may occur, cardiovascular disorders (eg, sinus arrhythmia, bradycardia, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia), increased daytime sleepiness, morning headaches, mental retardation.
Snoring (the result of partial airway obstruction during sleep), three times more common in obese people, and its severity varies, it can mean only trouble associated with the discontent of others, but can also pose a serious threat to health, when it is associated with obstructive sleep apnea. With constant heavy snoring, a thorough search of the cavities of the nose and mouth, the soft palate, pharynx, and the structural features of the neck.
What to do?
Studies have shown that most people snore during sleep with overweight. Professor Earl Dunn of the laboratory for the study of sleep disorders at the University of Toronto, believes that man enough for 20% more than the ideal weight that they have developed snoring. For women, this value corresponds to 30 – 40%. The more weight a person has, the more he has “weakened” with age respiratory tract tissue. So, try to lose weight. The diet will not only improve your figure, but also will help stop snoring.
Increases the likelihood of snoring and bad habits such as alcohol and smoking. And if you’re not going to abandon this in principle, avoid glasses and cigarettes just before bedtime. So you will spend much more peaceful night.
Snore and those who are used to sleeping pills. Any drug that relaxes affects tissue in the head and neck can cause increased snoring. By the way, the same way there are many antihistamine drugs. So try not to take antihistamines before bedtime, give up on sleeping pills and, if possible.
Make a small wet cleaning in her bedroom just before bedtime: dry air adversely affects the internal membranes in the nose and throat. In addition, regular dust control itself is very useful, as the dust can cause allergies.
Doctors generally believe that snoring and sneezing go hand in hand. So if snoring is stalking you during a particular season, that is not a constant, consult your doctor, it can – the result of an allergy.
Clumsy and sometimes have too high pillow. Anything that can cause a bend neck in a dream, and provokes increased snoring. Can you sleep better on a flat surface. Better a little lift itself headboard.
Finally, the most simple and at the same time quite original advice. It is known that pathological “snorers” (snore almost any position), there is a disruption in the structure of the nose and throat, which can only be cured by surgery. Those who snore on occasion (usually supine), can use the tool, which is not allowed to sleep in this position. To prevent snoring is best to use a tennis ball. It can be put under the mattress, or, even more reliable, pocket sewn into the back of pajamas. That way, you’ll always bump into him in a dream and inadvertently turning on its side. Believe me, will be hard the first few nights, and then get used.
But those who are forced to coexist with a loud “snorer” at will or because of marital debt cramped living conditions, is to rely on the special earplugs – earplugs. They are sold in pharmacies.
Modern medicine has a significant arsenal of tools to help the “snorer” in those cases where the above measures are ineffective. And, in fairness, it must be noted: the Russian medical scientists in terms of their development in no way inferior to Western counterparts. That’s only capabilities to provide mass care they have less …
In the most serious cases, to save people from snoring, have to do the surgery, during which doctors correct defects in the nasopharynx. The use of laser surgery has made these operations are widely distributed and highly effective. And there are various devices, has repeatedly been shown to work. One of them – a special silicone mask, put on the face before going to bed. It is connected to the device, which injects air into the nostrils of pressure, thus preventing snoring. A certain number of sessions allows for a long time to get rid of snoring.
A few interesting facts from the history of anti-snoring
It has at least 120 years. In particular, U.S. Patent Committee of the first invention in this area has registered as many as in 1874. Since it was issued more than 300 certificates for various “antihrapovye” device! Some designs were even put into production. For example, a standalone appliance, which is attached to the ear and is a miniature microphone to determine the sound of snoring and power, and the generator return signal. When a person snores, the amplified noise comes in his ear and wakes. Inventor of the other device to attach his proposed C. .. one of the back teeth with a special connector button, which, according to the author, was “to put pressure on the soft palate to prevent vibration …”
However, most of these devices and remains satisfied in one instance.