Samara on the verge of a flu epidemic
epidemic of influenza, SARS, medicine in Samara
Samara physicians awaiting flu and SARS. According to forecasts of epidemiologists, a burst of activity of the virus in the region will come in early February, increasing incidence observed now. Among kids epidporog exceeded by 17%. Doctors answer questions on how to protect yourself and you will get high-profile foreign viruses to the borders of the province?
The World Health Organization confirmed. In anticipation of the winter season 2012-2013 experts predict more intense epidemic process. Since early December, the U.S. is circulating virus H3N2, the incidence was of intense, was struck by the large number of states. In Canada, a proliferation of viruses B. It is gratifying that in this case the share of the pandemic virus in North America has had no more than 1% of patients. In Europe, the increase in cases recorded since the end of December, for the areas characterized by the influenza virus H3N2. All these strains respond to the WHO, it was deployed against them vaccination campaign in the West.
In Russia there is no surge in incidence, but doctors say the country is on the verge of an epidemic. However, in some regions, the situation becomes alarming. According to the results of monitoring the incidence of SARS and influenza, epidemic threshold was exceeded in Ufa, Kazan, Yakutia. In the regions, the critical point is still far, but the rise in the incidence in different age groups was observed everywhere.
Samara is not an exception. From 14 to 20 January in the province of 11,239 people applied with symptoms of acute respiratory infections in Samara – 5377. The growing number of applications from the previous week, was on the field 53% in Samara – 34%. Epidporog among infants up to two years exceeded 17%, crossed the critical threshold in terms of morbidity and children up to six years. Within walking monitoring influenza virus were examined 84 people found the virus in 12 people, two of them have found the influenza virus H1N1, the rest – adenovirus, rhinovirus infection, parainfluenza.
Specialists state that: Samara region is on the verge of epidemic spread of viral diseases. Long-term observations show that the excess of the epidemic threshold for influenza and SARS in the Region in late January and early February. The whole vaccine, which was used in the province purchased in accordance with the predictions of WHO. Total vaccinated 189,000 people so immune stratum was 34%. Deputy Head of Disease Control Rospotrebnadzor Irina Gorelova believes these figures good measure:
“The most effective preventive measure against influenza infection – is vaccination. Confirmation of this – our disease surveillance. If in 2011 the Samara region were more than 600 cases of influenza, in 2012 – only 202 cases, as things stand, and with an acute respiratory viral infection “, – stated the expert. Irina Gorelova added that from the moment when he first be registered epidporoga exceeded, monitoring of disease will become a daily.
Chief epidemiologist of the Health Ministry, the Samara region Tatiana Trusov told that the opportunity to be vaccinated against flu would like:
“The development of antibodies in the body begins seven to nine days after the vaccine, so before the forecast period is the time for the epidemic. The effectiveness of vaccination by the data monitoring: no more than 1% of vaccinated falls in the number of cases and, as a rule, it is not the flu, and the diagnosis of SARS. Thus, the vaccine efficacy was 99%, “- says the doctor. Tatiana Trusova also noted that some modern vaccines can also be used during the beginning of the epidemic, if not in the immediate environment of patients.
Regional Ministry of Health chief pediatrician Lyudmila Katkov said that exceeding epidporoga among kids due to the negligence of adults:
“A child who is under one year, does not go to the tree and does not attend preschool, and yet he was ill. This suggests that adults do not comply with sanitary and anti-epidemic measures. Probably the source of infection were the closest people who have the disease run in the light or in the form of the erased, that is when the disease was not given value, “- says the doctor. Lyudmila Katkov also recalled the basic rules that will help protect children: wet cleaning, rinsing the nasal mucosa.
Despite the fact that doctors have learned to treat many diseases, they are advised to avoid the development of respiratory disease. Influenza – aggressive virus, which infects the respiratory mucosa and can lead to serious consequences such as pneumonia. Therefore, as the doctors say, it is not necessary heroics and go to work with a runny nose and sore throat, it’s better when the first symptoms of sickness to go to the doctor.