One of the oldest diseases will be destroyed by 2020, Chinas promise
PRC authorities approved a ten-year plan to combat leprosy (leprosy). The government wants to reduce the number of cases in half, according to MED News. By 2015, the number of cases should be one case per 10,000 people. Five years later – one person per 100 thousand inhabitants in most regions of the country.
According to the Ministry of Health of China, now every year there are about 1700 of the facts of leprosy in the year. Such showgirl past five years. The most serious situation is in the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and Hunan provinces and the Tibet Autonomous Region.
Leprosy or leprosy – a very ancient disease. It has been described in detail a few thousand years ago in China and Egypt. The disease is caused terror in the people and is considered fatal. Modern doctors know that leprosy – a chronic infectious disease caused by rod-shaped organisms Mycobacterium leprae. The incubation period can last from 2 to 20 years, but in most cases the first symptoms appear in 3-10 years. There are two main types of leprosy, lepromatous, affecting mainly the skin, and tuberculoid, in which nerves are destroyed.
Contrary to popular belief, leprosy is transmitted light touch. Requires prolonged direct skin contact. However, many doctors believe that you can get infected and by air. After contact with the agent only 5-10% of sick people, and others have a strong enough immunity to resist it.
Leprosy is not a widespread disease, but, according to the WHO, in the world it affects about 11 million people, including three times more men than women. The disease is common in Africa and Asia (especially India), in Spain and Portugal, the countries of the former Soviet Union and South Korea, Japan and the Philippines, as well as in Central and South America.
In January 2010, the management of Nepal announced the elimination of leprosy in the country. According to the Ministry of Health of Nepal, the incidence of leprosy is now less than one case per 10,000 people. It meets the criteria for elimination of the disease, which the World Health Organization.