Dietary recommendations for patients undergoing surgery for gallbladder
Today we continue the theme of cholecystitis and consider recommendations for nutrition of patients undergoing surgery for gall bladder.
The most common operation performed on the abdominal organs are operations in acute and chronic inflammation of the gall bladder and some at least – on the extrahepatic bile ducts.
The most important components in the immediate and early postoperative period are:
Health food, and then – diet food at different intervals after the operation.
These recommendations provided nutritional therapy, which promotes training the various protection mechanisms for the gradual recovery of body functions.
After removal of the gallbladder:
Two hours after surgery, the patient can bend and straighten his legs, turn the bed on the right and left side. Breathe deeply.
It can moisten the lips, mouth, tongue wet swab moistened with boiled or mineral water.
The patient should not be afraid of pain, as introduced by the clock painkillers.
4 – 6 hours, you can begin to rinse your mouth decoction of sage and chamomile, to continue to perform this manipulation should within three days.
After 12 – 24 hours after the operation, you can sit up in bed with the legs hanging down, do breathing exercises (you need to make 6 – 8 deep breaths full chest, blow into the rubber tube, lowered into the water.)
From the first hours after surgery is required chest compressions and shins (stroking, tingling, tapping) for 10 – 15 minutes. Massages are performed by family members!
All these measures are necessary to prevent development of postoperative complications!
After 24 hours in the absence of contraindications can start to drink small sips of mineral water (any) without gas or broth hips, no sugar, no more than one liter per day.
You can stand next to the bed, walk in the ward, focusing on their strength. The patient has to do breathing exercises, and his relatives – a massage of the chest and legs patient. Massage and breathing exercises continue to do throughout the postoperative period.
After 36 – 48 hours after the removal of the gall bladder can drink mineral water without gas, unsweetened dried fruit jelly, unsweetened weak tea, low-fat yogurt in the amount of 1 – 1.5 liters for a day: 100 -150 ml in one go every three hours.
With the 3 – to 5-days diet expands. Allowed unsweetened juices (pumpkin, beetroot, apple, rose), fruit jelly, mashed potatoes, tea and sugar.
The liquid volume of 1.5 – 2 liters during the day. Meal, liquid float, 6 – 8 times a day, no more than 200 ml for the reception.
Also, add pureed soup through a sieve to low meat broth or water with butter or sour cream (1 teaspoon per 200 ml of soup), protein omelet, boiled fish.
On the 5th day add 100 grams of biscuits, white bread, or yesterday galetnoe cookies.
With 6-x – 7-days allowed pureed liquid porridge (buckwheat, oats, wheat), cooked in water mixed with milk, unsweetened cream cheese, boiled, twisted through a meat grinder, meat (beef, veal, chicken, rabbit), boiled fish but not the ear, protein omelet, vegetable purees, milk products. Fluid intake: 1.5 – 2 liters per day, a fraction.
From 8 – 10-days and 1.5 months after the operation, appointed light diet, ie All dishes are steamed or boiled: boiled meat, boiled fish, steam cutlets, protein scrambled eggs, meatballs, meatballs, vegetarian soups, mashed potatoes, cottage cheese steam puddings, dairy pureed oatmeal, fruit jellies, juices, vegetables, mashed potatoes, steamed carrots , squash, herring, soaked in milk.
After 1.5 months of operations in the diet can include: soup vegetarian, whole egg 1 per week, oatmeal crisp, boiled chicken, meat, cooked sausage, milk.
3 months after surgery in good health shows a spa treatment in Yessentuki, Mirgorod, Borjomi. You can visit the Transcarpathian sanatorium (Svalyava, Pearl of the Carpathians, etc.).
During the 3 months to avoid heavy lifting for more than 5 – 7 kg.