The name implies, the disease involves the presence of stones in the gallbladder and biliary tract.
She suffers from 15-20% of the population.
The formation of gallstones is a result of deposition of dense particles of bile. Most of the rock is made up of cholesterol, bilirubin and calcium salts.
The disease can occur in different ways:
symptoms when a person is unaware of the presence of his illness;
as cholecystitis (acute or chronic), the symptoms of the disease are similar;
as a complication of cholecystitis;
bile duct stones can cause jaundice (symptoms – “yellowing” of the skin, conjunctiva).
Complaints from the liver and gall bladder may in patients with diabetes, sickle cell anemia and some other diseases. Such people have complaints of the liver may be a sign of how the underlying disease, and cholelithiasis. In any case you should consult your doctor.
Diagnosis of gallstone disease.
The main method of diagnosis (as I said, the cheapest, safest and informative) – ultrasound (ultrasonography).
We also use other techniques: X-rays, MRI (yadernomagnitny resonance).
Treatment of gallstone disease.
Primary treatment for gallstones – an operation involves the removal of the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) and, with stones in the bile ducts, inspection and removal of stones from them, complicating the operation.
Often end operation draining bile ducts: this is when using different surgical techniques facilitate the flow of bile from the liver.
Operation of removal of the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) – the second most frequently performed surgical operations in hospitals. In the first place appendectomy (removal of the appendix appendicitis).
Very rare, with asymptomatic disease, that is, when the patient is absolutely nothing to be worried by the liver and gall bladder, a conservative treatment – without the surgery, but, again, only 50% of cases have to use it later.
Conservative treatment consists of:
Appropriate diet (table number 5, which was mentioned earlier, we recommend limiting the energy value of the food, drug holesterinsoderzhaschih products (oil, eggs), the appointment of fiber, wheat bran, vegetables).
Drugs to dissolve stones (henofalk, henodiol, henohol, urzofal, litofalk). The treatment ranges from 4 – 6 months. to 2 years. You can use herbal medicinal products: drugs immortelle sandy, tansy, peppermint, corn silk and other lithogenic (ability to form stones) of bile decreases when taking phenobarbital or ziksorin.
Fragmentation (lithotripsy), which is available in 20 – 25% of patients with a functioning gall bladder, small stones (up to 3 cm), and the absence of acute symptoms.
Now let’s sum up what was said:
if the U.S. (or in another study), you have found the stones in the gallbladder, bile ducts, then you need to have surgery. It is best to do it when there is an attack of pain, there is no other acute diseases (such as acute respiratory infections, influenza, pyelonephritis, and other), exacerbation of chronic disease.