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Chocolate

Chocolate

“I recently heard (read) that somewhere some scientists have proved the usefulness of ingestion of chocolate and even recommended to eat at least two bars a day for the prevention of the heart. Embarrass me is not so much the statement about the healing properties of the product as recommendation for admission to such a number, as if he has a beneficial effect on the heart, the digestive system is unlikely to be in awe of such prophylaxis. ”
Ilya
What you love, eat slowly
Feeling better, felt by people in the use of chocolate and sweets, leading to what many eat sweets when they feel reduced vitality. However, the problem lies in the fact that, given the sweets as a means to almost instantly increases blood sugar levels, you can easily make them a regular part of the diet. Most sweets are a source of empty calories and reduce appetite required to produce useful products. Of course, chocolate brings some benefits, but it contains a large amount of fat, and its use in excessive amounts can lead to weight gain. This does not mean that sweets are harmful to health. They just need to eat as a delicacy, moderation, and not to replace them other, more useful products.
It is believed that chocolate enhances serotonin and endorphins in the brain that leads to the effect of elation. The composition of chocolate are stimulants such as caffeine and theobromine. Theobromine – selected and studied 125 years ago Russian chemist AA Resurrection, an alkaloid. In small doses, it, like caffeine, a stimulant effect on the cardiovascular and nervous system. In chocolate usually contains about 0.4 per cent of theobromine – the dose is perfectly safe, but gives the chocolate the ability to remove fatigue, return vigor. Some people find eating chocolate soothing as chocolate from childhood they have been associated with comfort or reward.
Effect of chocolate on heart
What are the ingredients of chocolate? First, caffeine, which promotes increased heart rate (tachycardia) and a small increase in blood pressure, so people who have had a heart attack, it is recommended to reduce the consumption of chocolate (125-gram bar of chocolate contains more caffeine than a cup of instant coffee). Secondly, sugar, although already have been several studies link between high sugar intake and increased risk of heart disease, scientific proof they have not received. And finally, chocolate contains minerals such as iron, magnesium and potassium. Iron deficiency can cause symptoms such as palpitations and shortness of breath, iron is necessary for the synthesis of hemoglobin. Magnesium plays an important role in the transmission of nerve impulses and is important for smooth operation of the heart muscle. Together with sodium, potassium is responsible for water and electrolyte balance in the cells and tissues, which affects blood pressure and is important for maintaining normal heart rate. As far as protein and fat, due to their high content (especially fat) in chocolate, about 30% of the weight, and high calorific value – 500 kcal per 100 g
And yet, eat two tiles in the day I do not advise you, it is better to limit the use of two chocolates for dessert with tea, of course, if you are not a pilot or a sailor at work.
All who are going on a long trip should include a list of edibles one – two chocolate bars. In 1993, four British survivors trapped in the snowy mountains of the Caucasus only through three bars “Mars.” Chocolate is included in the daily diet of the U.S. Army Field and even the food astronauts in space.
There is no convincing evidence that chocolate promotes acne. However, those suffering from acne (especially acne) is usually recommended to reduce its consumption, mainly because of individual human responses to various kinds of additives contained in chocolate, and high content of sugar and fat in the product.
Chocolate causes less harm to teeth than any other types of sweets. This may be partly explained by the fact that, as a rule, the chocolate is eaten quickly, and he quickly washed away the saliva from the tooth surface.
A little distracted from the medicine and talk about how chocolate is made. Chocolate is made from the fruit of the cacao tree, growing in South America. It is known that the cacao beans (seeds of the tree) were used as money during the Aztec civilization about 3000 years ago. Cocoa trees grow in West Africa and South-East Asia. Cocoa beans are subjected to substantial processing before it becomes chocolate. They are fermented and dried in the sun. The beans are sorted and cleaned, and then roasted, fried beans free from skin and grind.
The heat generated in the grinding process, melt the fat of cocoa beans. This forms an oily bitter taste mass-called chocolate liquor. Most of the yellow fat, or cocoa butter, liquor squeezed out under pressure. The result is a solid cake cocoa. These pellets are crushed and sieved to produce cocoa powder.
Chocolate (candy, candy bars, etc.) are obtained after adding the chocolate liqueur sugar, extra fat and milk. Traditionally, the extra fat is used cocoa butter, which gives chocolate property “melt in your mouth.”
What is Carob?
Carob (a substance from the pods of the carob tree) – a healthy substitute for chocolate. This is explained by the fact that, unlike the chocolate does not contain irritants. The ground pods of the carob tree in color and flavor reminiscent of chocolate. But, as fragrance in his much weaker kerob brought in large numbers in the “chocolate” than cocoa powder. Carob contains less fat and more carbohydrates and calcium, while cocoa contains more niacin, vitamin E, iron, zinc and phosphorus.
Despite the fact that the production of Carob-chocolate begins with a powder containing little fat, it can not be regarded as a low-fat product. It added coconut or hydrogenated oil, the resulting product is containing the same amount of fat as chocolate.
Something interesting
The ancient Aztecs, who lived sometime in the current territory of Mexico, prepared from the fruit of the cacao tree peculiar spicy drink called chokoatl, meaning .
Interesting Aztec legend of the cacao tree (scientific name for the cocoa tree – Theobroma cacao – means “food of the gods.”). He lived in the old days the wizard – Kvettsalkoatl gardener, who had a wonderful garden. Among other trees grew in the garden and , from the fruit of which people were prepared . But then there was trouble. Kvettsalkoatlya pride was overcome, and he imagines himself to be immortal, for which he was punished by the gods – is deprived of reason. Mad Gardener ruined garden, survived only one tree – the cacao tree was left, so on earth the only representative of the magic tree!