Beer and Health
What is in beer
Beer is a natural drink that contains a large number of compounds formed during fermentation and coming into it from the plant material. The main components of beer are water (91-93%), carbohydrates (1.5-4.5%), ethanol (3-7%) and nitrogen-containing substances (0,2-0,65%). Other components are referred to as minor.
Ethanol enters the body with a beer, does not have a dehydrating effect, due to the high water content in the drink, in other words, at the use of beer, unlike vodka, you can not inject a lethal dose of alcohol.
However, it should be noted that in recent years the market of alcoholic beverages, a new type of beer with high alcohol content – up to 12% (strong beer). The use of this beer in the same amount as usual, of course, entails a chain of negative effects resulting from the combined toxic effects of alcohol and other biologically active compounds.
No accounting for tastes
Most people recall that at first they did not like the taste of beer, they soon found it disgusting. However, drinking was seen as a symbol of adulthood. If the newcomer had the courage to declare that there is no good taste in character, he said: “Do not worry, soon you’ll like it.” But as long as the person will not take some time to pour beer down his throat, he has learned to evaluate the taste.
Many beer lovers refuse to drink non-alcoholic beer, on the pretext that he has worse taste. Group at the University of Virginia decided to test this claim. As an alternative, nonalcoholic beer was used popular beer containing 5.7% alcohol. The test revealed that the participants were unable to determine what beer contains alcohol are more likely than chance. Several other studies have confirmed that regular consumers of beer could not accurately determine the taste, the beer is strong, moderate or very weak in alcohol content. Thus, no matter how pivomany tried to hide it, they drink beer, not for taste, but for the sake of alcohol.
Beer and alcohol
“If we were drinking less vodka, with all this beer would not have any problems. But the consumption of both drinks is growing at an alarming rate.”
Some praise the materials of beer can read some reference to WHO study that in countries where people drink a lot of beer, alcohol level is less. Such a statement is obviously false for several reasons.
According to WHO, the word “alcoholism” has no precise scientific meaning and therefore alcohol is not included in the latest edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). WHO does not conduct research “level of alcohol,” so we do not know how to measure it. The number of registered alcoholics in any country covers a minority of the people who could make such a diagnosis, and reflects mainly the national peculiarities of organization of drug treatment.
At the same time, the WHO documentation clearly states: “The hard relationship between per capita alcohol consumption in the country and the number of people who consume alcohol in large quantities, said that the main policy objective should be to reduce the levels of alcohol consumption among the general population, as well as prevention particularly risky behavior. ”
Beer drinking vodka formed slowly … It is difficult to consider the rule. He may have formed more discreet and deceptive. In Germany, where beer is traditionally consumed, suffer from the beer is alcohol abuse. Excessive consumption of beer dramatically reduces productivity. The damage is even the so-called “non-alcoholic” beer, as the alcohol in it is still present, albeit in very small quantities. For example, there are cases that have alcohol dependence persons next bout begins with a glass of beer, non-alcoholic beer. It should be noted that a person suffering from chronic alcoholism, the switch from vodka to beer, too, does not give much benefit. The body will still require its “equivalent”, that is, make the quality of cover. One patient drug treatment clinics, having made such a “transition” to drink a day for at least a bucket of beer. But in other cases, alcoholics or beer used to exit from the binge, or in the third stage of alcoholism, when the body’s tolerance to alcohol decreases. But beer alcoholism treatment requires the same as vodka and wine. First, you must forever renounce the use of beer.
Moderate amounts of alcohol and health
Supporters of brewing, and alcohol in general love to argue, related to allegedly improve the health of consumers of moderate doses of alcohol. Most often it comes to reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, especially coronary heart disease in moderate drinkers. However, many studies do not support this view. So, in a report released in 1999 in the British Medical Journal study Scottish scientist for 21 years on a group of 5766 men found that moderate amounts of alcohol (up to 14 units per week, or about 140 grams of absolute alcohol, which corresponds to 14 glasses of beer or wine, or 350 ml of vodka) did not show any changes in mortality from other diseases compared with abstainers. For the same group of men who consumed more than 35 units of alcohol per week (7 liters of beer at a concentration of 5% alcohol per week), stroke mortality was twice as high as for non-drinkers.
Recently found that alcohol can lead to fainting. Even social drinking can sometimes cause weakness and dizziness – not because of intoxication, but because of how alcohol impairs the body’s ability to compress blood vessels.
It was found that the force of gravity during standing up decreases blood flow to the brain. This is one of the reasons that some people, if you get up too fast, feel dizzy. Usually, blood vessels constrict to regulate blood pressure.
Alcohol also relaxes the blood vessels, and they do not regulate blood pressure when moving the body. In addition, alcohol can lower blood pressure, even in moderate intoxication.
“We were surprised by the effect” – says Virend Somers, a cardiologist at the Mayo Clinic, one of the authors of the study, during which studied the effects of moderate intoxication in fourteen healthy young people, whose average age was 26 years. Blood pressure was measured before drinking, after drinking, as well as in the process. It was found that the systolic blood pressure dropped by 14 and diastolic – 8 mm Hg. Somers said that some people, who often happens vasodilation, may be vulnerable to even small amounts of alcohol.
It good beer for the heart?
Supporters beer claim that it contains carbon dioxide expands capillary vessels of the mucous membrane of the digestive system and promotes a more rapid flow of fluid into the blood. And this, they say, dignity. However, when the beer is quickly absorbed into the body, it overwhelms the bloodstream, with a lot of alcohol consumed appears varicose veins and expand the frontiers of the heart. Radiologists call this phenomenon syndrome “beer heart” syndrome or “nylon stocking.” If you abuse the beer heart sags, becomes flabby, and his motor functions of the living is lost.
Almost all the authors who conducted the analysis of the relationship of risk of disease of the cardiovascular system to the consumption of beer, agree that it increases the risk of coronary heart disease. Similarly, a study of the effect of different alcoholic beverages on vascular tone revealed that beer consumption is associated with higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Deterioration of the heart can help and some chemical additives. For example, some manufacturers of beer to increase added to beer foam cobalt compounds. As a chemical analogue of calcium, cobalt, takes his place in the heart muscle. However, the inherent calcium function in the initiation and reduction of myocardial cobalt do not. This helps reduce the contractility of the heart muscle, increase the volume of the heart, the so-called heart failure.
Beer for bowel
Recently, reports of what bad habits can protect yourself from colon cancer, and it turns out that you need to drink wine, and even smoking. However, this argument reminds of Alzheimer’s disease (a variant of dementia) in smokers, which, ostensibly, among smokers, this pathology is almost never. Of course, it is assumed the conclusion that smoking somehow protects against Alzheimer’s disease. But, in fact, much simpler: most smokers to do so, just do not live as well as die earlier from other diseases caused by tobacco smoke, most often due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
And this analogy is given not by accident. Even supporters of the beer can not be silent about the fact that “German doctors found in beer carcinogens, passing it from the hops,” but they immediately caution that “further study of Japanese scientists say about the ability of beer to excrete carcinogens. They are known to be present in smoked and fried foods, from which, however, no one is going to give up. ”
What are the substances in hops are carcinogenic? Brewing technology write about so-called bitter substances of hops, which are classified in general, soft and hard resins. If you still think of tobacco, it is the resin in it contribute to the development of cancer in smokers. Unfortunately, no matter what the healing properties attributed to either drunk, his pitches will inevitably make their work of destruction.
The materials of the WHO stated that the consumption of beer significantly increases the risk of colon cancer.
Beer and childbearing
Another quote from the fans of beer: “Almost all of the authors of old books about beer recommend drinking beer even nursing mothers and infants, seriously arguing that after the milk beer – the most suitable food for children. Even the” Teacher of Nations “Jan Amos Komenski not rule beer from the diet of children. ”
Alas, some errors are realized only after centuries. Although there is and quotations relating to the more modern iconic figures: “The Austrian brewers forces there, as are proud that their child was drinking a beer in one boy from the city of Graz. Ros boy frail, sickly and all that. And recommend it, but the milk beer to drink. now grown boy. Who is? Arnold Schwarzenegger. ” Of course, it is a beautiful fairy tale, it is very useful as an advertisement.
Serious modern doctors completely deny the desirability of beer recommendations for children and pregnant women. This is reflected even in trade rules: Petersburg, 28.08.2000: new trade rules – pregnant do not sell beer. It turns out that the stalls where they sell beer and alcoholic beverages, in a prominent place to hang “information on contraindications to the use of alcohol.” New trade rules require to notify citizens that intoxicating drinks are especially harmful to pregnant and nursing women, young people under 18 years of heart problems, high blood pressure, pochechnikam, liverworts, etc.
Fans of beer write: “Our ancestors knew that beer increases male potency.” In fact, alcohol has a detrimental effect on the testes and ovaries. At the same time as harmful as frequent intoxication, and a systematic method of significant amounts of alcohol. Under the influence of alcohol is observed fatty degeneration of the seminiferous tubules and proliferation of connective tissue in the parenchyma of the testes. Specific expression of toxic effects on the glandular tissue testicle has beer, which is much lighter than other alcoholic beverages penetrates blood-testis barrier – the barrier between the blood and tissues of the testicles, causing fatty degeneration of the glandular epithelium of the seminiferous tubules.
Along with the direct toxic effects of alcohol on the testes, known importance develops in those dependent on alcohol effects on the liver and its ability to break down estrogen. It is known that liver cirrhosis greatly increases the amount of estrogen in men and women, which leads to inhibition of pituitary gonadotrophic function and subsequent atrophy of the gonads. Also, you should remember and phytoestrogens. As a result, begin to build up the female sex hormones, grow breasts, of which begins to stand colostrum. It happens when a man, a great lover of beer, developing breast cancer.
It should be pointed out that alcohol abuse earlier or later, depending on the individual and stamina, and also violated sexual potency, which is associated with a reduction of conditioned and unconditioned reflexes, because the braking effect on the subcortical centers.
Do women have a regular menstrual cycle disorders, in proportion of alcohol consumed beer increases the likelihood of getting cancer of the breast. Harmful drinking beer mother breastfed baby. The child may be epileptic seizures, and eventually may be, and epilepsy.
Because of the toxic effects of alcohol on the adrenal gland to inhibit the production of androgens in them. Payback for abuse – decreased libido (sex drive), and in advanced cases may develop secondary frigidity (sexual indifference). When drinking alcohol during pregnancy found teratogenic properties (that have a tendency to cause malformations in the fetus) may be formed in the unborn child genetically determined (programmed) hereditary tendency to alcoholism.
As reported in the International Herald Tribune newspaper by the U.S. Center for Disease Control study found that raising taxes on beer by 20 cents reduced the incidence of teen sexually transmitted diseases through, inter alia, gonorrhea, almost 9%. Harrell Chesson study author explains this phenomenon by the fact that drinking affects judgment, and teens under the influence of beer tend to engage in sexual activity, including multiple partners, not using condoms.
Is it true that beer is good, because there’s a lot of vitamins, minerals and organic matter?
Mineral compounds enter the beer from malt and other raw materials and water. In biologically significant quantities of beer contains ions of potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur and chlorine. Beer is different from wine high in potassium. It should be noted that with the massive use of excessive beer intake of potassium and water dramatically increases the formation of urine by the kidneys and increased allocation of sodium and chlorine, leading eventually to the demineralization of the body. Content of calcium (80 mg / L), magnesium (80 mg / l), phosphorus (140 mg / L), as well as iron, copper, zinc, and other content that does not exceed 1 mg / l, the beer is not different special advantages.
Vitamins enter the beer mostly from malt, rich in vitamins of group B. However, in the process of brewing concentration of vitamins inevitably reduced, and as a result of vitamin B1, or thiamine, is 0,005-0,15 mg / L, and vitamin B2 or riboflavin – 0.3-1.3 mg / l. Thus, the use of beer with the highest concentration of vitamin B1 in the amount of 10 liters per day can provide 100% of the daily requirement of this vitamin.
In beer there are other vitamins. The high content of vitamin C, or ascorbic acid (20-50 mg / L) is often due to the fact that it is added to the beer production process in order to prevent the spontaneous oxidation of other components. In the beer also have high concentrations of nicotine (5-20 mg / L) and folic acid (about 110 mg / l). In the beer present in small amounts of vitamin B6, pantothenic acid and biotin.
Phenolic compounds. Polyphenols in beer is about 10 times lower than in natural grape wine and ranges of 150-300 mg / l. Consumption of beer and spirits associated with increased risk of malignancy in the lower urinary tract, which is associated with a low polyphenol content.
Bitter substances enter the beer from hops and give the drink a specific bitter taste. These substances are divided into small and vysokosmolistye. Depending on the technology of preparation and storage of beer, they can be subjected to polymerization and oxidation, respectively, change their original properties.
Bitter substances of beer, along with other extractive substances hop classified psychoactive compounds.