Bananas – the only fruit, never, under any circumstances, giving babies allergic reaction.
Bananas – an ideal food to eat. It’s great food to satisfy the hunger. The very nature provided them with a convenient “packaging” – peel.
Bananas are grown in most tropical regions of the world. They collect more green, and they ripen during transport. Most of the bananas sold more immature and thus to enable them to mature, they should be stored at room temperature. After that, another four or five days, they are perfectly stored in the refrigerator, wrapped in newspaper. Even if the skin will become dark brown, the flesh will be fresh, firm and retain cream.
Unripe bananas contain so-called “resistance” (insoluble) starch – it is called so because it can not be digested in the small intestine and is fermented in the large intestine, which often causes flatulence. As the fruit ripens much of the starch is converted to sugar, which is why ripe bananas are not only sweeter, but also much easier to digest. That is why also because they rarely cause allergic reactions, bananas – the popular solid food for infants. In addition, they are useful in the event of stomach ailments in children, for example, in U.S. children with diarrhea is often translated to “baby diet” that includes bananas, rice, applesauce and toast (banana flour and flakes are widely used in baby food).
Many people suffering from a gastric ulcer, argue that bananas soften the pain. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the banana is very tender flesh. Have been several studies of therapeutic effect of these fruits with a stomach ulcer. It is even claimed that bananas help restore cells lining the stomach, while obscuring the stomach wall, bananas help heal existing ulcers and prevent new ones. However, to date there is too little evidence to support such a conclusion.
Bananas – a good source of potassium. He needs heart, liver, brain, bones, teeth, but most of all – the muscles. Each of us a day requires the least 1 g of potassium, and the optimal daily requirement in it for adults – 3-4 years Children also need potassium daily, in an amount of 16-30 mg per kg of body weight recalculation.
Lack of potassium in the body can cause degeneration even with normal protein consumption. Until dystrophy, of course, it does not come (potassium we get with potatoes, cabbage, radishes, apricots), but those who get cramps leg muscles, especially at night, is out of this element. Bananas – champions on its content: 100 mg of flesh found 376 mg of potassium. For comparison – there is 1 mg of sodium, calcium – 8 iron – 0.7, P – 16 mg.
Potassium is involved in the regulation of water-salt metabolism and promotes excretion of excess fluid, said the Institute of Nutrition. An additional source of potassium – a couple of bananas daily – need and cores.
Bananas are well absorbed, little fiber in them, and these properties make them a desirable product for post-surgical patients and those who received postoperative complications, including septic, as well as extensive burns affected, for cancer patients, especially during chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Both fresh and dried bananas are rich in natural sugar, which is digesting quickly gets into the blood. So many athletes, especially tennis players often eat bananas before and during the competition.
Unfortunately, people with diabetes can not eat bananas – too much in them sucrose, fructose and too little glucose. With this sad fact for diabetics is nothing you can do. But all the rest, and the sick, and healthy bananas very desirable.
Bananas in large amounts to nothing fat, but sometimes eat and they will not hurt. And if anyone wants to get better, eat, ask how much soul and purse sustain.
Plantin, or, as they are known in common parlance, “green bananas”, it is not good to eat and are not digested by the stomach. They taste bitter because they contain a lot of tannin, but in the process of heat treatment bitter taste significantly weakened. Plante contain more starch than ripe bananas, because they have not yet turned the starch into sugar. Some researchers believe that a diet rich in such indigestible starch, reduces the risk of cancer of the stomach. Now new studies, which aims – to show that for the prevention of cancer of the stomach starch is as important as the fiber.
A little about bananas, as representative of the plant world
What bananas grow? Everyone I asked about this, said, on the palm. Now open the encyclopedia: “banana – genus of perennial grasses …” Grass, then!
Resident of central Russia, accustomed hunched sought in wood ants strawberries, cranberries, banana grass hard to imagine three to four meters in height, the blade of which hang three hundred “berries”, weighing poltsentnera. Besides diameter stem “grass” – a dozen centimeters. She ends up on top of a spreading panicle oblong leaves (which is why European response is clear: palm).
Of rosette hangs down something like five-foot length of the trunk. This inflorescence, which are fastened small bananchiki 250-300. The trunk is called a “bunch”, and what we buy and called clusters, in fact, the brush of the four – seven conjoined fetuses. This banana bunch – many hands, close-closely adjacent to each other.
Bananas are known to mankind since ancient times. They are called home to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, mainly India and China. At least in these countries long considered sacred banana fruits that return that fuel the mind. Some Indian pagoda preserved from those times have roofs that mimic the shape of a banana: so respected him.
Indian and Chinese banana culture spread to Asia Minor. Later, bananas are grown in the east and west coasts of Africa, in the XVI century, was brought to the Canary Islands, Central and South America. Got out, the local banana plantations in the country last in the world, and untwisted their growing and selling the best. Ecuador, Colombia, Panama banana supply all of Europe. If before we were eating, it is clear why, only the Cuban variety, but now most of our market Ecuadorian fruit.
A few words about that – how to collect bananas
Once the ovaries begin to form clusters on, it immediately pull a plastic bag, so that, God forbid, nothing in ripening fruit is not the village. And they grow under the cover, protected from the rain-pogantsev insects eleven weeks. Before full ripeness is not getting through, their own take on another continent! At this stage, and the time comes to harvest.
Nothing has changed over the centuries: as with grandparents grandparents crop harvested, so now do. Worker, holding a long pole with a screwed on the end of a powerful sword, suitable for the trunk and, deftly tyuknuv in the sky, a huge bunch of cuts. And zashelestit it down … (I see you have startled our people who give off six acres: an apple or a pear fall – sorry that remain! And then fifty kilograms tenderness banana banging against the ground?)
That needlessly frightened – long experience teaches that there is no better place for a bunch of touchdowns as the shoulders and the back of the second working, especially those nearby. Boudreau depreciated, he drags himself as harvest to storage. There bunch disassemble into smaller pieces, threw them into the tank with a special liquid disinfectant for greater safety and longer, and then catch posushat, wrapped in plastic, packed in branded boxes, and they will travel by sea, often by plane, to other countries.
A “trunk” from which you cut the bunch, is no longer a tenant. Dries up. Grass – it is the grass. But the roots of the land is already climbing to light new “grass.” True, they grow to maturity for a year. And they, too, will bring only one bunch, but the upgrade process is continuous on the plantations, as continuous in a warm climate and crop: some clusters are cut, others – are maturing, and others – are tied … Short, long live the eternal tropical summer! And may not be gone bananas on our table!
The same mass dried bananas in comparison with fresh – contain 5 times more calories.
India produces more bananas than any other country in the world.
Sprinter Linford Christie (Olympic Gold Medallist) before competition or training included in your diet fried Plant.
In East Africa, fermented bananas, prepared from them beer.